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Thursday, December 29, 2011

Tattoos: Hebrew Alphabet

Hebrew is a Semitic language spoken Afroasiatic family of five million people in Israel (95%) and two or three million Jewish communities spread throughout the world, giving a total of eight million people.

In Israel, along with Arabic, one of the country's two official languages ​​and is spoken by the majority of its population. The Hebrew stopped talking about the first century BC C., although it was used in the literature and, above all, in the liturgy and academic purposes. In Palestine as a spoken language was replaced mainly by Aramaic.

As for the Jewish diaspora, their common languages ​​have historically been mainly two: the Yiddish among Ashkenazi Jews called (central and eastern Europe) and Ladino, or Judeo-Spanish Sephardic between so-called (Mediterranean). The Hebrew as a spoken language was recovered by Zionism in the late nineteenth century through the work of, among others, Eliezer Ben Yehuda, to serve as a national language of the future Jewish state.

The Hebrew language is written from right to left with an alphabet of twenty letters. Originally denoted only consonants, but w, YYH have also been used to represent certain long vowels and word-final vowels (w = / u / y = / i / h = / a /, / o / and / e /; wyy were used later to / o / and / e /, respectively) until at least the tenth century a. C. ywyy inside word until the ninth century. These consonants to denote vowel written aids are also used in other Semitic languages, and is called matres lectionis.

In texts from Qumran and later writings, letters are used more profusely to represent vowels. The complete representation of vowels, consonants by adding points, was developed much later, between the V and X century AD C. The current system of vocal play, then the current pronunciation of a thousand years after the end of the biblical period, although no doubt is based on the early traditions of reading the Bible.

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